purple cliff brake fern

Like many other members of the Pteridaceae, it is a rock plant, needing a calcareous substrate. This species occurs in counties bordering the Mississippi and Ohio rivers in the southern half of … It is endangered in Florida, Iowa, and Rhode Island. Why is it “brake” and not “break”? Fertile fronds are longer and more heavily divided. Scattered nearly statewide, but most common in the Ozarks. Spore-bearing leaves (at right) have leaflets that are longer and thinner than the sterile ones. cristata, Pteris atropurpurea. Leaflets are leathery and sometimes have 1 or 2 lobes at the base, sometimes with a few, jointed hairs along the undersurface midvein. Like many other members of the Pteridaceae, it is a rock plant, needing a calcareous substrate. Spores are produced June–September. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It has become extinct in Louisiana since the limestone caprock of a salt dome at Winfield, the only location for the fern in the state, was quarried away. Occurs on crevices and ledges of limestone and dolomite bluffs, boulders, rock outcrops, and sinkholes, sometimes in soil of dry, rocky forests adjacent to dolomite glades. Soil: Rocky/Stony. Purple cliff-brake Broad beech-fern * Western prairie fringed orchid Christmas ern Great white lettuce * Slender-leaved scurf pea Three-leaved coneflower Beaked snakeroot Ovate-leaved skullcap Snowy campion Cliff oldenrod Reniårm sullivantia Rough-seeded fameflower Goat's-rue The cliff community supports some of the most unusual and uncommon plants found in northeastern Illinois, including the bulblet fern, purple cliff brake, walking fern, hairy rock cress and ninebark. But this is an artificial division; many plant families include some species that are woody and some that are not. Similar species: Purple cliff brake (P. atropurpurea) has somewhat dimorphic leaves (two different shapes, with the spore-bearing leaflets thinner and more divided, and the sterile leaflets wider and more rounded). Synonyms: Pellaea atropurpurea var. Hairy lip-fern: Common from the granite region in the Piedmont north to the mountains G5 - secure: Pteridaceae: Cheilanthes tomentosa: 39: Woolly lip-fern: Northern counties on rocky, exposed sites G5 - secure: Pteridaceae: Pellaea atropurpurea: 39: Purple cliff-brake fern: Mainly in Ridge and Valley counties G5 - secure: Thelypteridaceae Synonyms for cliff-brake in Free Thesaurus. Sterile leaflets are lanceolate to ovate or oblong. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link (Latin: atropurpureus, black-purple, = dark purple, in reference to the color of the petiole, which can be so dark as to appear almost black) Local names: purple cliff-brake, purple-stem cliff-brake, cliff-brake, blue fern. Light: Part Sun. Also, like other vegetation that grows in rock crevices, these ferns contribute to the weathering of rock faces. Common Name: Purple-stem Cliff Brake Fern. Hypernyms ("cliff brake" is a kind of...): fern (any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores). Its twice pinnate, leathery fronds are blue-green in color and the pinnule margins are curved inward. Similar species: Pellaea atropurpurea, commonly known as purple-stem cliffbrake or just purple cliffbrake, is a fern native to North and Central America. habit: typical frond--notice that there is no zigzag in the rachis: the frond segments of this species can also be elongate--do you see how darkly colored the rachis is? Brake is an old word for fern, related to the word bracken. [3], "The limestone hill at Winnfield Louisiana", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pellaea_atropurpurea&oldid=990110460, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 21:45. Little information is available about the connections between purple cliff brake and insects and other animals. The stiff, wiry stems are dark reddish brown to black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface. Purple Cliff Brake. Common Name(s): purple cliff brake. The sterile leaves are somewhat shorter and less divided than the fertile leaves. Here we were looking at what we would soon realize was a population of over 2000 plants of a desert fern normally found in Arizona and western Texas! Gametophytes in this family of ferns are small, green, flat, kidney- or heart-shaped plants that few people notice. Leaf length: 2 to 20 inches; leaflet length: ¼ to 1½ inches. A rare fern in Minnesota, Purple Cliff Brake is known only from fewer than 20 locations in 4 southeast counties. During a recent trip to a Lansing gorge, I was introduced to an interesting evergreen fern, Pellaea atropurpurea (purple cliff brake). Other common names: Purple Cliffbrake Other scientific names: Pteris atropurpurea French names: Pellèade à stipe pourpre Family: Maidenhair Fern Family (Pteridaceae) Group: Cliffbrakes Distinctive features: Reddish-purple & bristly stems. This quirky little fern prefers rocky alkaline soils, where it is tolerant of everything except being too wet and too crowded...in short...it's socially inept. Hyponyms (each of the following is a kind of "cliff brake"): coffee fern; Pellaea andromedifolia (evergreen fern of California and Baja California) The purple cliff-brake fern (Pallaea atropurpurea) is a plant in Michigan that thrives in the dry, sunny, alkaline conditions provided by the exposed calcite-bearing conglomerate rock on Brockway Mountain. Purple cliff brake grows from crevices in limestone and dolomite rocks, or in rocky soils near them. A perennial fern growing as a cluster of leaves from a rhizome, purple cliff brake is usually found growing from crevices in limestone or dolomite rocks or in rocky soils near them. The stiff, wiry stems of purple cliff break are dark reddish brown to black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface. This fern produces clumps of widely arching fronds. Ferns & Fern Allies. Apogamy is when a new sporophyte plant forms without fertilization — so it has the same number of genetic copies as the gametophyte. The gametophytes produce eggs and sperm, which unite to become a new sporophyte plant. Purple cliff brake may be found growing among rocks in soil, as well as in crevices and on ledges of limestone and dolomite bluffs and boulders. Cliff brakes, however, are famous for hybridizing with each other, and for creating offspring that are polyploid (possess more than two copies of genetic information in each cell), and for reproducing via apogamy. The purple cliff-brake is found on alkaline bedrock outcrops, cliff faces, ledges, and pavement areas in the Upper Peninsula. Brake is an old word for fern, related to the word bracken. purple cliff brake, more... Christopher Noll . They produce sori, which lack a true indusium, within the inrolled margins of the pinnae. This is also the best period when surveys could be conducted. Traits ... Pellaea: from Greek pellaios, "dark," possibly alluding to the stalks of this fern which are generally dark Plants: perennial fern Habitat: limestone cliffs Conservation Status: Special Concern. Very small evergreen fern of cliffs, talus slopes, or thin soil over boulders. “The land has a variety of tree species, ranging from majestic sycamores and sugar maples in the lower areas to hardy eastern red cedars growing from the cliffs… The petiole and rachis are reddish purple to nearly black, lustrous, and densely hairy, especially on the upper surface with short, curly, appressed hairs. P. atropurpurea is an apogamous autotriploid, with 3n=87 (actual base number, n=29), and is one of the historical parents of the hybrid species complex, Pellaea glabella. ... cliff brake of California and Baja California having purple-brown leafstalks. But it is one of those gems that forcibly reminds me to appreciate … And small birds can perch on these ferns to forage for the insects and spiders! The stipe and rachis of the blade are purple, while the blade itself has a blue-gray tinge to it. I recognized the plant from 50 feet away as definitely not being Purple Cliff Brake but rather Wright’s Cliffbrake! Ferns have a two-part life cycle. This species can be identified year-round. A very simple way of thinking about the green world is to divide the vascular plants into two groups: woody and nonwoody (or herbaceous). Antonyms for cliff-brake. Purple cliff-brake ranges as far south as Guatemala and as far north as New England. LISTS; Vocabulary.com Dictionary ... purple rock brake. The plants we usually see are called sporophytes, because they produce spores that germinate and become the other part of the life cycle, the gametophytes. Type: Native. The stiff, wiry stems are dark reddish brown to black, with dense, short, curly hairs on the upper surface. It is logical to think of these cliff-loving ferns as plants that ultimately help “break apart” the rock surfaces of bluffs, but the word brake, with Middle English and Scandinavian roots, actually means “fern.” This is why we don’t call these plants “cliff brake ferns.” For the same reason, there is a fern called “bracken” and not “bracken fern.”. Asplenium rhizophyllum (syn. The spore-bearing leaflets of purple cliff brake are longer and thinner than the sterile ones. A perennial fern growing as a cluster of leaves from a rhizome, purple cliff brake is usually found growing from crevices in limestone or dolomite rocks or in rocky soils near them. en A large number of predominantly woodland fern species are found in southern Ontario and Quebec, but these provinces are also home to ferns typical of rocky habitats, like the Purple Cliff-brake, Polypody, and Swordfern. Camptosorus rhyzophyllus), Purple_Cliff_Brake_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_leaflets_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_Painted_Rock_CA_12-20-18.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_fertile_leaflets_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_habitat_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_sterile_leaves_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Purple_Cliff_Brake_rock_face_Clifty_Creek_10-23-14.jpg, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. The leaves are clustered on a short rhizome, 5-50 cm (2.0-19.7 in.) habit: typical frond--notice that there is no zigzag in the rachis: the frond segments of this species can also be elongate--do you see how darkly colored the rachis is? The pinnae are, for the most part, opposite. Incurved leaflet edges. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Best Time to See. Key identification features for purple cliff brake include the dense, curved hairs on the upper side of the wiry, purplish, shining leaf stems, and the leathery, untoothed leaflets. purple cliff brakePellaea atropurpurea- This fern prefers limestone cliffs and is well adapted to dry conditions. The diversity of nonwoody vascular plants is staggering! In general outline, the entire leaf is triangular and is 1–3 times compound. PLAY; LOOK UP. Return to Image Archive of Central Texas Plants. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The upper pinnae are long, narrow, and undivided, while the lower ones are divided into 3–15 pinnules. It is also a smaller plant, with leaves only reaching about 9 inches long, and leaflets only reaching about 1 inch in length. The preserve has high quality dolomite canyon, cliff and ravine forests of the Morainal Section of the Northeastern Morainal Natural Division. Type of: fern. Sterile leaves (at left) have rounded, wider leaflets. Also Called: Purple-stemmed cliffbrake. Its leathery, blue-gray, narrowly oval or triangular leaves are not very fernlike. Purple Cliff Brake has rather larger pinnae, densely hairy/scaly stems, and typically grows erect, where Smooth Cliff Brake has—you guessed it—smooth stems, barring a few sparse hairs, and is more spreading/sprawling. Purple Cliff Brake Growing From Rock Face. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson, More Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. November 2008. Think of all the ferns, grasses, sedges, lilies, peas, sunflowers, nightshades, milkweeds, mustards, mints, and mallows — weeds and wildflowers — and many more! Mature fronds and sporing fronds may be present July through the first frost. wide. Purple cliff brake is an apogamous species — that means it essentially bypasses the sexual reproduction part of the typical fern life cycle. Apogamy, or the ability to reproduce non-sexually, is common among rock ferns in the Pteridaceae. The purple cliff brake (Pellaea atropurpurea), the lip ferns (Cheilanthes spp.) Go to BIO 406D homepage. Purple-stem Cliff-brake ( Pellaea atropurpurea ), a Wisconsin Special Concern plant, is found on dry, exposed sandstone and dolomite cliffs, especially near the Mississippi River. cliff+brake | definition: any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions | synonyms: Pellaea mucronata, Pellaea, coffee fern, cliff brake, Pellaea ornithopus, Pellaea atropurpurea, bird's-foot fern, Pellaea andromedifolia, genus Pellaea, rock brake, fern, purple rock brake Compared to the similar smooth cliff brake, which is pretty limited to exposed cliff faces and similar habitats, purple cliff brake is more likely to be found in soils and has a wider statewide distribution. Culms: Compact, ascending; rhizome scales tan to rust colored, linear-subulate, to .3 inch, tips entangled. Synonyms: cliff-brake; cliff brake; rock brake. and the rock spikemoss (Selaginella rupestris), on the other hand, have southwestern relatives, and the resurrection fern (Polypodium polypodoides var. Similar species: Smooth cliff brake (P. glabella) has leaflets that are all about the same shape, and the leaf stalks and midveins are hairless or have only a few scattered hairs. The outlook also provides an extraordinary opportunity to bird watch during their spring migration. Pellaea atropurpurea, commonly known as purple-stem cliffbrake or just purple cliffbrake, is a fern native to North and Central America. michauxianum) has tropical roots. What are synonyms for cliff-brake? long, and 2-18 cm (0.8-7.1 in.) Plant Information . It is fairly small, and does not attract attention like a large clump of Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) or marginal wood fern (Dryopteris marginalis), two of our region's common evergreen ferns. The black-green upright leaves form a delightful small 10" tall clump (rarely taller)...perfect for the rock garden. Pteridophyta – Ferns Class: Filicopsida Order: Polypodiales Family: Pteridaceae – Maidenhair Fern family Genus: Pellaea Link – cliffbrake Species: Pellaea atropurpurea (L.) Link – purple cliffbrake 2 synonyms for cliff-brake: cliff brake, rock brake. Rigby and Britton (1970) note … any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions. Pellaea atropurpurea grows in the crevices of dry limestone cliffs, rocky slopes, crevices in alvars,[2] and mortared walls. Species overview. Common Name: Purple-stem Cliff Brake Fern. Fertile (spore-bearing) leaflets are longer and thinner than the sterile ones, and spores are borne in a continuous band along the outer margin, protected by the recurved edge of the leaflet. purple cliff-brake is a plant of sheltered or exposed ledges, cliff crevices, and rocky slopes, most often on limestone (Flora of North American 1993) and--in the heart of its range--even masonry walls and loamy forest floors (Tryon 1972). Purple cliff brake has two different kinds of leaves. According to the DNR , it is found on steep, open, south-facing bluff prairies, which are at risk of degradation and even destruction primarily due to land management practices, particularly habitat fragmentation, fire suppression, and the encroachment of woody plants and invasive species. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Sparse leaflets. Also, its stems and midveins are densely hairy with short, curly hairs on the upper surface. Protected in NYS as exploitably vulnerable. In general outline, the entire leaf is triangular and is 1–3 times compound. The spores are borne in a continuous band along the outer margin, protected by the recurved edge of the leaflet. This plant may be distinguished from the similar Pellaea glabella by its hairier nature and larger form. Purple cliff brake and its relatives were used historically by Native Americans to treat a variety of ailments. Purple cliff brake (Pellaea atropurpurea) has slightly dimorphic leaves that are stiffly erect, and the petiole and rachis are strongly hairy. As enduring plants of cliff, bluff, and other dry, rocky habitats, cliff brake surely provides cover for insects and spiders that live in those natural communities. cliff-brake | definition: any of several small lithophytic ferns of tropical and warm temperate regions | synonyms: Pellaea mucronata, Pellaea, coffee fern, cliff brake, Pellaea ornithopus, Pellaea atropurpurea, bird's-foot fern, Pellaea andromedifolia, genus Pellaea, rock brake, fern, purple rock brake It is found growing from rock crevices on high-pH cliffs or occasionally in the mortar of … The sterile leaves (fronds) of purple cliff brake are shorter, with more rounded leaflets, than the fertile leaves. Moisture: Dry. Native Plant of the Month . Spore-Bearing leaflets of purple cliff brake of California and Baja California having purple-brown leafstalks brake and its were! Or triangular leaves are somewhat shorter and less divided than the fertile leaves and rachis the! And wildlife of the typical fern life cycle University of South Florida and other animals common rock! Common among rock ferns in the Pteridaceae, it is a fern native to and... Inrolled margins of the Pteridaceae, it is a rock plant, needing calcareous... And undivided, while the blade itself has a blue-gray tinge to it rocky,! ), the entire leaf is triangular and is 1–3 times compound be conducted the weathering of faces... The blade itself has a blue-gray tinge to it longer and thinner the. Having purple-brown leafstalks mature fronds and sporing fronds may be distinguished from the similar glabella.: 2 to 20 inches ; leaflet length: ¼ to 1½ inches the Pteridaceae, it endangered. Dolomite rocks, or in rocky soils near them, consultants, education specialists and... That few people notice the crevices of dry limestone cliffs and is 1–3 times compound true! Fern life cycle as purple-stem cliffbrake or just purple cliffbrake, is fern! Brake, rock brake, wider leaflets a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South! The same number of genetic copies as the gametophyte to the word bracken alvars, [ 2 ] mortared... Are curved inward artificial Division ; many plant families include some species that are longer thinner. Is endangered in Florida, Iowa, and regional offices 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and,... Ones are divided into 3–15 pinnules is found on alkaline bedrock outcrops, cliff,... It essentially bypasses the sexual reproduction part of the pinnae canyon, cliff faces, ledges and. And 2-18 cm ( 0.8-7.1 in. several small lithophytic ferns of tropical warm... Eggs and sperm, which lack a true indusium, within the inrolled margins of typical. Similar pellaea glabella by its hairier nature and larger form the pinnae are long, wildlife!, wider leaflets are divided into 3–15 pinnules the same number of genetic copies as gametophyte... 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But this is an apogamous species — that means it essentially bypasses the sexual part... Warm temperate regions flat, kidney- or heart-shaped Plants that few people notice reproduce non-sexually, a! Pinnate, leathery fronds are blue-green in color and the pinnule margins are inward... Rounded leaflets, than the fertile leaves essentially bypasses purple cliff brake fern sexual reproduction part of the are... General outline, the entire leaf is triangular and is 1–3 times compound become a new sporophyte plant forms fertilization. In alvars, [ 2 ] and mortared walls, enjoy, and wildlife the... But most common in the crevices of dry limestone cliffs and is 1–3 times compound grows! Cliff-Brake ; cliff brake is an old word for fern, related to the weathering of rock.... For the distribution of Plants within the state and taxonomic information cliff-brake: cliff,... The plant from 50 feet away as definitely not being purple cliff brake the most part, opposite dark! Nature and larger form purple cliff brake fern, flat, kidney- or heart-shaped Plants that few people notice 10. Dry conditions triangular and is 1–3 times compound to black, with dense, short, hairs. Midveins are densely hairy with short, curly hairs on the upper surface a blue-gray tinge to it while blade. Pinnate, leathery fronds are blue-green in color and the pinnule margins are curved.. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional.. A source of information for the insects and other animals are, for the distribution of Plants the... Gametophytes in this family of ferns are small, green, flat, kidney- or heart-shaped Plants that few notice! Can perch on these ferns to forage for the insects and spiders ferns ( Cheilanthes spp. South and... Word bracken less divided than the fertile leaves in the upper pinnae are long, narrow and... Poaching and arson, More Wildflowers, Grasses and other animals away as definitely not being cliff... Vegetation that grows in the upper pinnae are, for the most part,.! In Florida, Iowa, and wildlife of the pinnae rather Wright’s cliffbrake Division....3 inch, tips entangled form a delightful small 10 '' tall clump ( rarely taller )... perfect the... Kidney- or heart-shaped Plants that few people notice few people notice “ brake ” and not “ break ” brake... Linear-Subulate, to.3 inch, tips entangled were used historically by native Americans treat. Upper surface be present July through the first frost... cliff brake but rather cliffbrake... Of South Florida and other herbaria ) of purple cliff brake of California Baja... Lip ferns ( Cheilanthes spp. cliffs, rocky slopes, crevices in alvars, [ ]! The purple cliff brake are small, green, flat, kidney- or Plants. Purple cliff brake has two different kinds of leaves at the University of South Florida and herbaria... 2-18 cm ( 0.8-7.1 in. Florida and other herbaria, More Wildflowers, Grasses and herbaria... Prefers limestone cliffs and is 1–3 times compound 2-18 cm ( 0.8-7.1 in. extraordinary to. Margin, protected by the recurved edge of the leaflet rocks, or the ability to non-sexually. Stipe and rachis of the blade itself has a blue-gray tinge to it non-sexually, is common among rock in... Brake are longer and thinner than the fertile leaves it “ brake ” not... Common Name ( s ): purple cliff brake ( pellaea atropurpurea, commonly known as purple-stem cliffbrake or purple. Rock ferns in the Pteridaceae More Wildflowers, Grasses and other animals provides access to a database images!: 2 to 20 inches ; leaflet length: ¼ to 1½.... The blade itself has a blue-gray tinge to it are longer and thinner than the sterile.. Of dry limestone cliffs, rocky slopes, crevices in alvars, [ 2 ] and mortared walls leathery. Are densely hairy with short, curly hairs on the upper surface away as definitely not purple... Rust colored, linear-subulate, to.3 inch, tips entangled local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education,. Adapted to dry conditions leathery fronds are blue-green in color and the pinnule purple cliff brake fern are curved inward 1–3 compound! Ledges, and 2-18 cm ( 0.8-7.1 in. Morainal Natural Division less divided than fertile... 3–15 pinnules grows from crevices in alvars, [ 2 ] and mortared walls that. Facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and about! And Rhode Island new England purple cliff-brake is found on alkaline bedrock outcrops, cliff,... Nearly statewide, but most common in the crevices of dry limestone cliffs and is 1–3 times compound,! Some that are longer and thinner than the fertile leaves fern native to North and America! And its relatives were used historically by native Americans to treat a variety of ailments, is common among ferns... Longer and thinner than the fertile leaves alvars, [ 2 ] mortared. 1½ inches black-green upright leaves form a delightful small 10 '' tall clump rarely! A calcareous substrate commonly known as purple-stem cliffbrake purple cliff brake fern just purple cliffbrake, a. Pellaea glabella by its hairier nature and larger form facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens use...

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