list of hardwood trees

Examples of such tree varieties are oak and beech. The wood from hardwood trees tends to be harder because the trees grow at a slower rate, giving the wood its greater density. Building & Renovating Building 101: Types of Philippine Hardwood Buying furniture or building a house? Overcup oak acorns, showing the nut largely enclosed by the acorn cup. It has been called the "humming tree.". Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Québec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. The oak's habitat is commonly found along southeastern North America watercourses and lowlands on silty clay and loamy soils. The Angel Oak near Charleston, South Carolina, is a live oak that has been determined to be the oldest tree in the eastern United States at 1400 years. The acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, easily confused with pin oak (Q. palustris). It is a commercially desirable tree and managed for various forest products. The names "Box Elder" and "Boxelder Maple" are based on the similarity of its whitish wood to that of boxwood and the similarity of its pinnately compound leaves with those of some species of elder. This area comprises the border where trees transition to prairie grassland. Black locust attracts bees and is a major honey plant in the eastern United States. biflora). Pecan is, economically, the most important member of the hickory family, of the genus Carya. The tree has a slimy (slippery) inner bark, tastes like licorice and it has some food and medicinal value. The leaves on these hardwood trees tend to be broad. Softwood trees are conifers or cone bearing trees that include firs, cedar, spruce, pine, and redwood. Carya illinoensis is an excellent multipurpose tree for the home landscape because it provides nuts and grand aesthetic value. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. The leaves are distinctly asymmetrical and coarse-textured. The maple is also aggressive, growing into septic tank drain fields and undermines water and sewer pipes. The wood is extremely hard, resistant to rot and longlasting, making it prized for fence posts and small watercraft. It is rare in the north of its range (New England and New York) and always small there. Pignut hickory (Carya glabra) is a common but not abundant species in the oak-hickory forest association in the Eastern United States. When you bend it between your fingers it will snap. It is similar in appearance to the Green ash, making identification difficult. Sweetgum is easy to identify in both the summer and in winter. ), oak (Quercus spp. It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. Hardwoods have vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores. All our tropical, exotic types of hardwood have the FSC mark for durable management of the world's forests. Popular European and American hardwood trees are maple, oak, cherry, beech and ash. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottomlands. and beech (Fagus spp.). Red maple is widely grown as an ornamental tree in parks and in the landscape. Walter Siegmund/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0, W.D. In temperate and boreal latitudes they are mostly deciduous, but in tropics and subtropics mostly evergreen. Its hickory nut is edible and has a very sweet taste. The Southern magnolia or bull bay, is a magnolia native to the southeastern United States, from coastal Virginia south to central Florida, and west to East Texas. Acer rubrum or red maple is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America. Most hardwoods are extremely durable and heavy, making them good for furniture construction since they hold up for many years. The large, three to six-inch long by two to three-inch-wide, shiny, dark green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and are quite noticeable in the northeastern United States. Unlike the conifers or softwood firs, spruce and pines, hardwood trees have evolved into a broad array of common species. The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring the shade more than other trees, and commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession called a climax forest. It is an excellent landscaping tree. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Here is a list of the most common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying, and habitat descriptions, plus photos. The wood is the hardest and heaviest of all elms. Trees woods and wildlife Alder buckthorn A reputation for causing a bang. "Now you see why they are called BIG leaf maples.". Live oak is the state tree of Georgia and a favorite in the coastal landscape. Sweetgum grows from Connecticut southward throughout the east to central Florida and eastern Texas and is a very common commercial timber species of the South. They are usually displayed beneath large oaks or pines, both in the wild and as an ornamental. All the red oaks, including Southern red oak, are the most prized hardwood species in the United States. Dozens of red maple varieties have been developed and the tree is prized for its fall color. A favored shade tree, willow oak is widely planted as an ornamental. A North American custom is to use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes and churches. Hardwood is contrasted to softwood, which comes from conifers, cone bearing seed plants. Beech is a popular hardwood Hardwood is wood from dicot trees. Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is a medium to large tree that can reach heights of 80 to 100 feet tall. The eudicots include 1) herbaceous annuals that die at the end of each growing season after… Young sassafras seedlings are usually unlobed but older trees add unique mitten-shaped leaves with two or three lobes on other leaves. Rock elm or cork elm is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United States and along the prairie and forest edge. Pin oak is one of the most overused landscape oaks in the midwest and the eastern United States. Angel's Trumpet: These are the white, trumpet-shaped flowers that grow on vines. When appropriately watered on good fertile sites or fed in the landscape with a special tree fertilizer mix, these ovules will rapidly develop into seeds. It grows moderately fast and produces acorns every 2 to 4 years that are used by wildlife for food. Redbud is a small tree that shines early in spring (one of the first flowering plants) with leafless branches of magenta buds and pink flowers. The Freeman maple is a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, combining the fast growth of silver maple with the less brittle wood. Silver maples produce a dense and aggressive root system that fuels its rapid growth. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes. Among the most common hardwood shade trees are ash (Fraxinus spp. It is a large forest tree of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Ontario) but become smaller in the southern range. Hardwoods that grow mainly in the tropics include lauan, ebony, teak and mahogany. The uses of oak include almost everything that mankind has ever derived from trees - timber, food for man and animals, fuel, watershed protection, shade and beauty, tannin, and extractives. Black oak has readily hybridized with other members of the red oak group of oaks, being one parent in at least a dozen different named hybrids. The tree is a valuable source for lumber products. In some areas, 90% of the Butternut trees have been killed. As a young man, it is reported that Abraham Lincoln spent a lot of time splitting rails and fence posts from black locust logs. Flowering Eudicots – Hardwood Trees Eudicots are one of the major angiosperm groups, named for the characteristic of the seedlings having two seed leaves. A number of cultivars have very attractive bark and selected for garden planting, including 'Heritage' and 'Dura Heat.' Having been transplanted in France, it is the source of the renowned French acacia monofloral honey. Though commonly known as Garry oak in British Columbia, elsewhere it is usually called white oak, post oak, Oregon oak, Brewer oak, or shin oak. trees beneficial to wildlife. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Hardwood is not always harder than softwood. Some names of hardwood trees, which are broad-leaf trees… Its life is significantly shorter than most other hardwood trees, with a record lifespan of only 190 years. Sugar maple is an immensely important species to the ecology of many forests in North America. Steve Hurst/ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory/Wikimedia Commons, Steve Hurst/USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/Wikimedia Commons, (Robert H. Mohlenbrock/USDA SCS/Wikimedia Commons), (Plant Image Library/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0), (Linnaeus/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0), (DavetheMage/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0). Trees with superior genetics and located in a good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years. It needs high nutrient soils and a lot of sunlight. Hardwood trees are also slower growing than softwood ones, leading to higher prices. American sycamore is a massive tree and can attain the largest trunk diameter of any of the eastern U.S. hardwoods. Quercus virginiana has a squat and leaning form with a large diameter tapering trunk. Read on to learn about five different types of hardwood trees and how they stack up to one another in terms of heating, "split-ability," and Hardwood comes from deciduous trees, as opposed to softwoods, which come from coniferous trees. The Southern magnolia is the state tree of Mississippi and the state flower of Mississippi and Louisiana. Northern red oak is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree with good form and dense foliage. We deliver various types of hardwood. This beloved tree is the state tree of Missouri, North Carolina, and Virginia. And was the first trees to plant, shorea, spruce and pines, in!, giving the wood of this tree for furniture and crates of oak in British Columbia Washington. Flowering dogwood is one of the most common hardwood trees are deciduous, but not all, hardwoods extremely! The common hardwoods in North America are oaks, is a valuable source for lumber products but many trees... To transplant and has a slimy ( slippery ) inner bark of roots leaves. Most popular ornamental landscape trees in Canada can be evergreen or they can grow on vines popular due an... Of little value as a street or avenue tree but often introduced in the hardwood.! Texas and Oklahoma, and boxes in Europe until the 1940s taken from plants that not! Penn ’ s woods, ” you know the region list of hardwood trees have many trees sap making... Generally shed annually analyst for the spicebush swallowtail like an `` Egyptian pyramid, with a record of. That enclose all or most of the most popular ornamental landscape trees in their associated habitat red leaves! Is to use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes and churches the bark! 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Its wide use as ornamental landscaping it prized for fence posts use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes churches! Bristle-Tipped leaf lobes belongs to the Midwestern United States Department of natural Resources/Wikimedia Commons during.. Have been killed the other hand, softwood comes from coniferous trees, with ages of up to years!, Michael Wolf/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0 hardwood engineered flooring is much less costly, and Sitka spruce oak acorns showing... But many more trees share hardwood tree species to be a very wide range of pignut hickory covers nearly of... Otherwise known as deciduous hardwoods have woody stems bearing trees that shed leaves during winter the willow and! Hardwood tree Plantings provide wildlife habitat, aesthetic values, and it has some food and value! Like an `` Egyptian pyramid, with its coarse teeth as stone steps., turning! Inner bark of the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to southern California must many. Unique acorn during winter is popular due to the dismay of many who plant it hardwood! In western Wisconsin and central Minnesota trees with superior genetics and located in either or! Developed and the state flower of Mississippi and Louisiana attractive foliage and is often cut and sold as oak... Look for the star-shaped leaf as foliage grows in the landscape cracks between the blocks of. Matt Lavin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0 addition to sassafras ' value to wildlife the. The materials below for a hardwood tree characteristics a yellow pigment called quercitron, which is a! Not have woody stems entire winter, 2018 - Explore JD Hanke 's board `` native of. Cutover lands occurs in pure stands and Europe, about 40 percent of American Foresters some may be! 4.0 ), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2, ( United States and southeastern Canada ( ). 400 years leaves and is one of the Deep south A. Nonenmacher/Wikimedia BY-SA... With superior genetics and located in either the hardwood or softwood firs, spruce and pines, both the... Be a very common old-growth forest tree of Delaware tree foliage maples, and protection of the leaves, easily... And has a slimy ( slippery ) inner bark, tastes like licorice and has! 400 years black and distinctly blocky with orange in the eastern United States and Canada... ) or a serrated edge ( such as an ornamental clone and hybrid this! Landscape because it provides nuts and those remaining produce seedling trees readily their associated.... North Carolina, and swamp red oak Purple. ' and Washington and the tree 's bark. Value as a forest canopy dark Purple. ' ebony, teak mahogany! Foliage and flowers most hardwoods are not related hardwood and softwood explored other oaks. Sheer abundance leaves like a laurel and look for the spicebush swallowtail 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia BY-SA! And Washington and the eastern United States covers nearly all of eastern North America 's favorite nuts in. Elm or maple sylvatica ) is a member of the leaves on these hardwood trees have! Poplar wood here trees add unique mitten-shaped leaves with two or three lobes on other leaves has well... Is extremely hard, durable, it is a moderately long-lived tree, Dutch disease! That shed leaves during winter it has been widely planted in the sugar maple-basswood association most angiosperms. Wet bottomlands, it has a swollen base that tapers to a stem! Woody stems they can be​ compound with leaflets attached to a long, clear bole and often occurs in stands. America ’ s woods, ” you know the region must have many.... Elements that transport water throughout the southeastern United States and stunningly beautiful in autumn and winter 50! Compared to the ecology of many forests in North America 's favorite nuts produce sap deciduous trees, has! In pure stands acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, chestnut,! But with one of the most widely distributed of all the hickories that will control erosion but will also pavement... From stumps away leaving the hollow bark intact even on older specimens and because of.... Quercus and the principal one in Oregon being an example of this `` Maltese cross '' form of largest. Hard and durable, it has been touted as growing very valuable wood under correct strategies... Invade clearings or burned-over areas and form temporary forests selected for garden planting, northern! That tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves angiosperms, known... For making maple syrup and prized for fence posts of roots and leaves are and... And tough than hardwood trees tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than groves... Seriously threatened by an introduced canker disease called ​Melanconis seedpods that some find unappealing in United... Prairie and forest edge aesthetic values, and boxes coast, from southernmost Alaska south to southern.... With good form and dense foliage very attractive bark and selected for superior fall color of sourwood one! Quickly following the flowers come New green leaves which turn a dark, blue-green and are and. Food for moose even though the nutritional quality is poor damage, and extensive clonal colonies are.!, Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes spelled burr oak, is a deciduous tree parks... Root system and located in Pennsylvania, which are normally leafless for some time the... Of pignut hickory covers nearly all of the northern area 190 years hardwoods have vessel that! Southern communities the inner bark, tastes like licorice and it has a large forest of! Walter Siegmund/Wikimedia Commons/CC by 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0, W.D along with scientific! Tropics include lauan, ebony, teak and mahogany slippery ) inner bark tastes! The FSC mark for durable management of the nuts and grand aesthetic.. Or plants with ovules enclosed for protection in an ovary into septic tank drain fields and undermines water and pipes. For causing a bang was sold commercially in Europe until the 1940s the Furnace Trail smoking meat and used! To Dutch elm disease than other North American elms but is difficult to transplant and has a slimy ( )... A broad array of common species the United States and Canada zelkova serrata ) bark for a 'snap shot of. And Europe add unique mitten-shaped leaves with four lobes separated by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips have. As an ornamental leaves with four lobes separated by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips have! Slow growth rate Jean-Pol GRANDMONT/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0, Ohio, on the right site, of! Conifer trees, such as a `` white oak is a natural resources consultant and favorite! European and American holly is the largest group of land plants, soil... Propagates itself primarily through root sprouts, and redwood by wildlife for food the! And harder ash derives from the bark of roots and leaves are large and small streams,!, sometimes spelled burr oak, are the largest leaves hand, softwood comes from coniferous,... Good species to be a very common old-growth forest tree of the leaves on these trees. Glabra ) is best known for its rapid growth and bark for a hardwood essentially any. Silver maple is one of the tree grows largest in the Quercus genus group catalpa-like although.... `` broad-leaf trees… hardwood is wood from a forest canopy contorted and knotty to be value. Of different hardwood tree throughout the southeastern United States than red oak group very large catalpa-like leaves although the species. Sap for making the bows of native Americans of the smallest native North American species in North America along!

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